What Is the History of Porcelain?

The history of porcelain dates back many years. The Tang Dynasty, around 600 AD, is generally accredited with having or creating the first primitive forms of porcelain. From its beginning, though, Porcelain is characterized by whiteness that has always helped to set it apart.

That also explains why porcelain is a sought-after and popular material for high-quality vases and tableware, in addition to various collectibles, such as dolls.

Types of Porcelain

Porcelain is appreciated for its unrivaled appearance, finish, and gloss, unlike any other material we know. Also known as China (for the namesake of where it is made), porcelain is composed of two materials, kaolin and petuntse. That latter is found only in China, while kaolin is responsible for the exceptional whiteness associated with porcelain.

There are also three basic types of porcelain; hard-paste, soft-paste, and bone china. While each of these is desired, there are some distinct differences between them.

Hard-Paste Porcelain

If you are paying top-dollar for porcelain, then the chances are good you are looking at hard-paste porcelain. This type of porcelain is considered the purest form and strictly uses kaolin and petuntse in its manufacture.

Soft-Paste Porcelain

This European-born type of porcelain, also known as artificial porcelain, is composed of fine clay and glass-like substances. It was created to mimic porcelain and has a softer and creamy color. Although considered second-tier to pure porcelain, soft-paste porcelain has garnered and earned a place among collectors everywhere.

Bone China

This popular form of porcelain still uses kaolin and petuntse, but also adds bone ash from animals to its composition. Almost exclusively produced in Europe, porcelain manufacturers discovered this combination of materials during the mid-1700s. One of the most distinct differences in bone china is an increased translucence in the final product.

A-1 Porcelain & Fiberglass Service Co., LLC

Welcome to A-1 Porcelain & Fiberglass Service Co., LLC. We have been serving Phoenix, AZ and surrounding communities with bathtub and shower refinishing services for more than 40 years. We can help with all bathroom fixtures, and our experts will repair your tubs, showers, and sinks. 

We also specialize in repairing cracked fiberglass tubs. At A-1 Porcelain & Fiberglass Service Co., LLC, our customers also know they can turn to us for any maintenance needs, including caulking, installation, and replacement of all bathroom fixtures. Contact us if you have any questions or to schedule a visit today, 

What Types of Cleaners Can Be Used for Porcelain?

The ceramic family of tiles is one of the most durable materials for your home. There is no doubt that porcelain and ceramic tile surfaces make maintenance easy. Withstanding heavy foot traffic, ceramic and porcelain tile surfaces make a great choice for many homeowners. When it comes to cleaning porcelain and ceramic tile, there are a few options available. 

Mild Soap Solution

First, you can use a mild soap and water solution. This is the safest method to clean your tile and will not damage the surface. However, this method may not be strong enough to remove tough stains or dirt build-up. When using mild soap and water, rinse the tile well afterward to avoid soap build-up. Avoid harsh chemicals or abrasive cleaners on your tile, as these can damage the surface. 

You can use a stronger cleaner such as vinegar or bleach for tougher dirt and stains. Test these cleaners in an inconspicuous area first to ensure they will not damage your tile. When using vinegar or bleach, always dilute with water and rinse the tile well afterward.

Alkaline Cleaners

For stubborn grease removal, you may need an alkaline cleaner. Alkaline cleaners are available commercially, or you can make your own by mixing one part laundry detergent with ten parts water. Apply the solution to the tile with a sponge and scrub the area well. Rinse the tile afterward with clean water. With a pH of 12, this type of cleaner should only be used as a last resort, as it can damage your tile if not used correctly.

Neutral Cleaners

If you need a cleaner between an alkaline and acidic cleaner, you can use a neutral cleaner. These cleaners are safe to use on most surfaces, including porcelain and ceramic tile. You can purchase neutral cleaners commercially or make your own by mixing one part dish soap with ten parts water. Use a sponge and scrub when applying the solution. Rinse the tile afterward with clean water. 

How to Clean

Sweeping your floor regularly is the best way to prevent dirt and debris from building up and becoming difficult to remove. Use a soft-bristled broom or vacuum with a soft brush attachment to sweep your floor. Ensure that you are getting into all the nooks and crannies to prevent dirt from accumulating.

When it comes time to mop your floor, use a damp mop and avoid using too much water. Water can seep into the grout lines and cause damage. Instead, focus on using a damp mop to pick up any dirt or debris that has been left behind.


A-1 Porcelain & Fiberglass Service Co., L.L.C. is the go-to company for all your porcelain and ceramic tile cleaning needs. We provide various services to meet your every need, from sweeping and mopping to deep-cleaning tough stains and dirt build-up. Our team of experts will work diligently to get your tile looking new again. Contact us today to schedule a consultation.

How to Repair Porcelain Items Around the Home

At some point, a porcelain object in your home might crack, chip or otherwise break. In such a case, you may find it beneficial to know how to repair porcelain items, be they cups, figurines or even bathroom appliances and fixtures, such as porcelain showers in need of refinishing.

Here’s an overview of the steps you need to take when repairing porcelain items:

The process of fixing chipped (rather than broken) porcelain is similar, though you will be using a filler or touch-up glaze rather than a glue. As with broken porcelain, the area should be clean before you begin. But rather than attaching pieces together, you apply the filler (mixed according to the manufacturer’s instructions) into the area until it is filled in and rebuilt.

Afterwards, all you need to do is let the product dry. You may need to sand it down using a fine-grit sandpaper or steel wool until it conforms to the contours of the object. Then you can apply a glaze after it’s completely dry.

When the broken porcelain occurs in your bathroom, such as with a toilet, sink or shower, we strongly encourage you to seek professional assistance. Porcelain shower refinishing and other such tasks are best left to people with experience and training, so you don’t cause further damage that becomes only more expensive and difficult to fix.

For more information, contact the experts at A-1 Porcelain & Fiberglass Service Co., LLC today.

Reasons to Call a Professional for Porcelain Repair in Phoenix

Real DIY-ers literally like to do everything themselves. They change their oil, they paint their home and they fix all of the appliances around their house. Doing it yourself can save you a lot of money and gives you a sense of accomplishment. Bu there are some things that you should never try to fix yourself, including your porcelain tubs and sinks. Here are just a few of the reasons to leave porcelain repair in Phoenix to the pros:

The next time your tub or sink cracks, be sure to call the team at A-1 Porcelain & Fiberglass Service L.L.C. for help. We’ll take care of your porcelain repair in Phoenix right away and have it looking as good as new in no time at all.

How to Care for Your Updated Bathroom After Porcelain Repair in Phoenix

Having your bathroom repaired or refinished is an exciting time, as making upgrades to older fixtures can fill your entire home with a brand new feel. But it will be important to understand how to properly care for the refinished look in order to maintain the quality. If you are looking for ways to help your bathroom retain its shine after porcelain repair in Phoenix, follow these helpful tips.

Things to keep in mind immediately following repair

In the days immediately after having your bathroom redone, it is important to follow a few guidelines in order to allow the appliances in the room to set properly. Whether you have had a bathtub, toilet or sink repaired or refinished, you should wait at least 48 hours before using the appliance again in order to see the best results.

Also keep in mind that when these items are freshly finished, dust particles may fall away from the surface as they continue to dry. This is common because the factors of the surroundings that these updated appliances are drying in often cannot be controlled. Don’t pick at the pieces that may be falling away, but instead allow them to smooth out on their own naturally through continued cleaning and use.

You should also avoid the use of mats that involve suction cups, because these could strip away at your bathtub’s surface, creating an uneven appearance while potentially causing lasting long-term damage.

How to maintain your updated bathroom

Once your appliances have fully set and you have begun using them again, you will need to know how to properly care for and maintain these updated fixtures going forward as well. In order to ensure that your surfaces do not get scratched or marred, avoid the use of rough scrubbers such as scouring or steel wool pads.

You will also have to pay close attention to the types of cleaning solutions that are used to make sure that you are avoiding products that contain abrasives or destructive acids. Using these types of harsh chemicals on your bathroom surfaces can cause them to lose their luster and begin to appear dull, and the surfaces may even develop visible cracks after repeated cleanings. There are several options that you can use instead of these types of products, including Lysol Tub and Tile Cleaner, Dow Tub and Tile Cleaner, Fantastik, 409 and bleach in small amounts with water.

If you are unsure about how to properly care for your bathroom appliances after porcelain repair in Phoenix, A-1 Porcelain & Fiberglass Service LLC is here to help. Having served homes in the area for over 40 years, we have the experience you can trust to not only repair and refinish the aged items in your bathroom, but to also guide you with the maintenance needed to make sure that these updates last for a long time. Give us a call today to learn more about all of the services that we can offer you. We look forward to assisting you!